Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

produces a natural surfactant


Oily animal treatment is reviewed in the Gulf of Mexico

No need for scrubbing

No need for scrubbing with mayonnaise and handling the animals and birds for hours on end, a process that traumatizes animals and requires considerable man power. Trials show that spraying a SlickAway™ solution onto the feathers, a significant proportion of the crude oil (approximately (75-80%) came off by moving them around in a pool of water or by rinsing with a shower spray; an application baby oil or vegetable oil removes any remaining crude oil residue.



Lewis Patton; Superintendent

"...Aquinoc is the only one that works.”

Quote from Lewis Patton; Superintendent Caughnawaga Golf Course: "We use environmentally designed practices on our course. I have tried many different biological products to treat our ponds and Aquinoc is the only one that works.”

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

Scientific classification

Scientific classification Kingdom: Bacteria Phylum: Proteobacteria Class: Gamma Proteobacteria Order: Pseudomonadales Family: Pseudomonadaceae Genus: Pseudomonas Migula 1894 Type species : Pseudomonas aeruginosa

All species and strains of Pseudomonas are Gram-negative rods, and have historically been classified as strict aerobes. Exceptions to this classification have recently been discovered in Pseudomonas biofilms[12].

These bacteria break down certain pollutants in order to create by-products essential to their own growth and survival. A significant number can produce exopolysaccharides that are known as biofilms. Secretion of exopolysaccharide makes it difficult for Pseudomonads to be phagocytosed by mammalian white blood cells.[13)

Bio remediation of hydrocarbons Some members of the genus Pseudomonas are able to metabolise chemical pollutants in the environment including hydrocarbons, InocUsol has access to several species of pseudomonas that may be added to the basic formulation of Terrasol when needed. This includes several strains of P. alcaligenes, which can degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons [21] in the presence of surfactants.

Bio remediation of solvents
• P. mendocina, which is able to degrade toluene.[22]
• P. pseudoalcaligenes is able to use cyanide as a nitrogen source.[23]
• P. resinovorans can degrade carbazole.[24]
• P. veronii has been shown to degrade a variety of simple aromatic organic compounds.[25][26]
• P. putida has the ability to degrade organic solvents such as toluene.[27]
• At least one strain of this bacterium is able to convert morphine in aqueous solution into the stronger and somewhat expensive to manufacture drug hydromorphone (Dilaudid).
• Strain KC of P. stutzeri is able to degrade carbon tetrachloride



InocUsol formulations for oil and grease contamination of waste water may contain certain pseudomonas species.
InocUsol product formulations include these species when the contaminated material contains substances that inhibit the growth of the natural flora in the surrounding environment, such as with hydrocarbons and heavy metals pollution. The beneficial flora has to attain a concentration of 109 CFU/ml in order for the overall biological control process to be effective. In general, Pseudomonas species need aeration.



1. Cornelis P (editor) (2008). Pseudomonas: Genomics and Molecular Biology (1st ed.). Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-19-6. ISBN 1904455190.

2. Hassett D, Cuppoletti J, Trapnell B, Lymar S, Rowe J, Yoon S, Hilliard G, Parvatiyar K, Kamani M, Wozniak D, Hwang S, McDermott T, Ochsner U (2002). "Anaerobic metabolism and quorum sensing by Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms in chronically infected cystic fibrosis airways: rethinking antibiotic treatment strategies and drug targets". Adv Drug Deliv Rev 54 (11): 1425–43. doi:10.1016/S0169-409X(02)00152-7. PMID 12458153.

3. Ryan KJ; Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 0838585299.

4. O'Mahony MM, Dobson AD, Barnes JD, Singleton I (2006). "The use of ozone in the remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soil". Chemosphere 63 (2): 307–14. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.07.018. PMID 16153687.

5. Yen KM, Karl MR, Blatt LM, et al. (1991). "Cloning and characterization of a Pseudomonas mendocina KR1 gene cluster encoding toluene-4-monooxygenase". J. Bacteriol. 173 (17): 5315– 27. PMID 1885512.

6. Huertas MJ, Luque-Almagro VM, Martínez-Luque M, et al. (2006). "Cyanide metabolism of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes CECT5344: role of siderophores". Biochem. Soc. Trans. 34 (Pt 1): 152–5. doi:10.1042/BST0340152. PMID 16417508.

7. Nojiri H, Maeda K, Sekiguchi H, et al. (2002). "Organization and transcriptional characterization of catechol degradation genes involved in carbazole degradation by Pseudomonas resinovorans strain CA10". Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 66 (4): 897–901. doi:10.1271/bbb.66.897. PMID 12036072.

8. Nam, et al.; Chang, YS; Hong, HB; Lee, YE (2003). "A novel catabolic activity of Pseudomonas veronii in biotransformation of pentachlorophenol". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 62 (2-3): 284–90. doi:10.1007/s00253-003-1255-1. PMID 12883877.

9. Onaca, et al.; Kieninger, M; Engesser, KH; Altenbuchner, J (2007 Mar 9). "Degradation of alkyl methyl ketones by Pseudomonas veronii". Journal of Bacteriology 189 (10): 3759–67. doi:10.1128/JB.01279-06. PMID 17351032. 10. Marqués S, Ramos JL (1993). "Transcriptional control of the Pseudomonas putida TOL plasmid catabolic pathways". Mol. Microbiol. 9 (5): 923–9. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.1993.tb01222.x. PMID 7934920.